Nepal is a
heady mix, a fascinating land of ancient history,
vibrant cultures and people, bio-diversity and scenic
grandeur. From the magnificent snow-capped peaks to the
North, the lesser mountains and midlands in the central
region and the tropical jungles and fertile plains to
the south, Nepal is a land that is largely defined by
its geographical features.
Located between China and India, Nepal also stands at the
defining frontier of civilization in this part of the world,
showing a true multi-cultural, multi-ethnic amalgamation.
Despite being wedged between two giant neighbors and
civilizations, Nepal has produced a history and culture that
is vastly different and unique. People This varied landscape
has one of the richest cultural landscapes. It has a
population of roughly 22 million people. The heterogeneity
is seen in the multiplicity of ethnic and caste groups who
speak over 70 languages and dialects. Amazing cultural
diversity for such a small country. The cultural
heterogeneity is also linked to the landscape and can be
seen in the way that different ethnic groups occupy parts of
the country. The Gurungs and Magars live mainly in the
western region, the Rais, Limbus and Sunwars inhabit the
slopes and valleys of the eastern mid-hills while the
Sherpas, Manangpas and Lopas inhabit the higher Everest,
Annapurna and Mustang regions respectively. The Newars
constitute an important ethnic group of the capital valley
Kathmandu. The Terai has various caste groups like the
Tharus, Yadavas, Satar, Rajvanshis and Dhimals. Brahmins,
Chhetris and Thakuris are generally spread out over all
parts of the kingdom. Landscape Nepal consists of several
physiographic regions or natural zones - the four mountain
ranges, the valleys located between them and the plains to
the south of these ranges. The plains or flatlands in Nepal
consist of the Terai and the Bhabar. The Terai forms the
northernmost part of the fertile Gangetic plain and extends
into Nepal - a region that is called the `granary' of Nepal,
and a green expanse of paddies, mango groves, bamboo
thickets and palm fringed villages. Between the plains and
the first foothills is a narrow expanse of stony, shallow,
immature soils called the Bhabar. Due to its porosity and it
is unfit for agriculture.
Adventure tourism in Nepal dates back to the early attempts
to scale the world's highest peaks. It has come a long way
since. While trekking, mountaineering and game watching have
long been popular, an entire range of other possibilities
have been explored in the recent years - rafting, biking,
fishing, rock climbing, paragliding, ultra-light aircraft,
hot air ballooning, mountain flight, boating, pony treks,
jet scooter, boating and bungy jumping. This varied
landscape has some of the best sites for these activities,
raging rivers to run, mountains to scale, clear blue skies,
challenging treks, fine lakes and rivers to boat, fish and
raft down, and a wild terrain to ride.
Go trekking in the lower slopes where along with forests of
rhododendron, isolated hamlets, villages, temples,
monasteries and breathtaking landscapes, you will also
encounter friendly people of different cultures offering a
fascinating taste of traditional rural life.
Enjoy scenic rafting, one of the best ways to explore the
typical cross section of natural as well cultural heritage
of the country. You can glide on clam jade waters with
magnificent scenery all around or rush through roaring white
rapids. Rafting is inarguably the best way of exploring
Arcadian Nepal, as it takes you through hamlets, canyons,
virgin forests, and wildlife.
How about a jungle safari in the densest forest in South
Asia? Venture into the jungles of the National parks located
in the Terai region on elephant back across rivers and
swamps, Rare animals and birds will greet you at every
corner. Be prepared for a royal treat. Royal Bengal tiger
may surprise you by his majestic appearance.
Nepal's diverse terrain is a mountain biker's dream
adventures come true. Mountain biking offers an
environmentally sound way of exploring this magnificent
country, its landscape and living heritage. Because this is
a spartan, laborious mode of travel, it is also considered
the way to travel by the so-called "purists".
For all those cliffhangers out there, Kathmandu offers
terrific places for rock climbing that make for an
experience of a lifetime. Make sure you leave time for hot
air ballooning for a bird/s-eye view of the Kathmandu Valley
and the magnificent Himalaya. See life from a new
perspective as you take off in a micro-light aircraft for
motor gliding in Pokhara. A trip will take you over some of
the best scenery on earth, as you share airspace with
Himalayan griffin vultures, eagles, kites and float over
villages, monasteries, temples, lakes and jungle, with a
fantastic view of the majestic Himalayas. If you thought
that bungy jumping is restricted to some locations in North
America, Europe, and New Zealand, it/s time you got an
update. The sport has found a natural home for itself in the
highest and most magnificent mountain range in the world.
The ultimate thrill of a bungy jump can now be experienced
in Nepal at one of the best sites that this sport can boast
of anywhere in the world. The Bhote Kosi, one of the world's
wildest raging rivers, rushes down from the heights of the
Himalayas. It roughly translates as `river from Tibet' and
so there are a lot of rivers that go by this name in Nepal.
This Bhote Kosi is the main tributary of the Sun Kosi and is
followed by the Arniko highway from Kathmandu to Lhasa.
Nepal's first Bungy jumping site is situated 160 m over this
river, inviting you to experience the ultimate adrenaline
rush in the surroundings of this amazing place. An extreme
sport popular in Europe, canyoning is now available in
Nepal. Canyoning gives you the freedom to explore some of
the most ruggedly beautiful, yet forbidden places in the
world. Top off your visit with a mountain flight for a
stunning visual finale. Mountain flights offer spectacular
views of the Himalaya in just one hour. Only awe-stricken
silence can come close to matching the experience of going
on a mountain flight to encounter the tallest mountains of
the earth. These flights offer the closest possible aerial
views of Mt. Everest and other above 8,000 m peaks.
Come be part of this experience.
You Can Do When You Are In Nepal
GO TREKKING: Nepal
offers one of the world's best trekking and cultural
adventures. There are numerous destinations where you
can trek, hike or just walk. Please check our
Trekking in Nepal section to find out more
Out of 14 world's tallest mountains, 8 of them are in
Nepal. Besides that there are hundreds of smaller peaks
which are locally called "Trekking peaks".
JOIN WHITEWATER RAFTING:
Nepal is well known as a country of rich water
resources. There are many wild Himalayan rivers that
flows through the hills of Nepal, one of them forming
the deepest gorge in the world, Kali Gandaki. These
rivers provide world class rapids that whitewater
enthusiasts cannot wait to explore. Please check our
Rafting in Nepal section to find out more
GO MOUNTAIN BIKING:
Mountain biking is becoming very popular in Nepal now.
Most of the historical places in and around Kathmandu
Valley is best explored with mountain bike. Nepal is
also an starting point for biking trips to Tibet, Bhutan
ENJOY JUNGLE SAFARI:
There are many wildlife reserves in Nepal. Chitwan
National Park being the best safari destination, offers
well maintained safari lodges and safari packages.
Please check our
Jungle safari in Nepal section for safari packages
Nepal Himalaya has been capturing the heart of climbers,
adventure lovers and trekkers for more than 50 years.
Those who have limited time and are unable to go
trekking, or those who dream of touching the mountains
but due to circumstances they can't, can easily fulfill
their dreams. Enjoy one of the world's most spectacular
mountain flights in the world. Please check
Adventure activities section of our site.
BUNGY PLUNGE: Nepal
offers the world's highest bungy jump. Imagine a bridge
over a 160 meter tropical gorge, with the Bhote Kosi
river, Nepal's wildest river, flowing underneath raging.
NOW JUMP! Please check
Adventure activities section for different kind
Other activities that you want to enjoy or take part are
Hot Air Ballooning, Photography, visits to Cultural
and historical sites, monastery tours, homestays, yoga
classes, dance lessons, retreats and meditation, etc.